Sunday, September 21, 2008

Siapa saja yang menentang Malayan Union?

Apabila mengambil alih jawatan presiden UMNO, Tunku Abdul Rahman (kemudian menjadi Perdana Menteri Malaysia pertama) menyatakan bahawa "...apabila kami (orang-orang Melayu) menentang Malayan Union (yang menjejaskan kedudukan hak-hak orang Melayu), kaum-kaum lain tidak mengambil bahagian kerana mereka mengatakan ini hanya merupakan masalah Melayu, dan bukan masalah mereka. Mereka juga menunjukkan bahawa kesetiaan mereka adalah kepada negara-negara asal mereka dan oleh itu, menentang Laporan Barnes yang bertujuan untuk menjadikan bahasa Melayu menjadi bahasa kebangsaan. Jika kami menyerahkan orang-orang Melayu kepada orang-orang yang dikatakan orang Malaya ketika kerakyatan mereka masih belum ditakrifkan, kami akan menghadapi banyak masalah pada masa hadapan." Bagaimanapun, dia menambah bahawa "Bagai mereka yang mencintai dan berasi bahawa mereka terhutang kesetiaan yang tidak berbelah bagi, kami menyambut mereka sebagai orang Malaya. Mereka harus merupakan orang Malaya yang benar, dan mereka akan mempunyai hak-hak dan hak-hak istimewa yang sama dengan orang-orang Melayu." Coat of arms of the Federated Malay States (1895-1946)

Putra, Tunku Abdul Rahman (1986). Political Awakening, p. 31. Pelanduk Publications. ISBN 967-978-135-6.

from http://ms.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kontrak_sosial_(Malaysia)


The Malayan Union was a federation of the Malay states and the Straits Settlements excluding Singapore. It was the successor to British Malaya and was conceived to unify the Malay Peninsula under a single government so as to simplify administration.

The idea of the Union was first expressed by the British on October 1945 in the aftermath of the Second World War by the British Military Administration . Sir Harold MacMichael was assigned the task of gathering the Malay state rulers' approval for the Malayan Union in the same month. In a short period of time, he managed to obtain all the Rulers’ approval by threatening to accuse them as Japanese collaborators if they did not approve.[citation needed] Hence the approval was given, though it was with utmost reluctance.

The Malayan Union gave equal rights to people who wished to apply for citizenship. It was automatically granted to people who were born in any state in British Malaya or Singapore and were living there before 15 February 1942, born outside British Malaya or the Straits Settlements only if their fathers were citizens of the Malayan Union and those who reached 18 years old and who had lived in British Malaya or Singapore "10 out of 15 years before 15 February 1942". The group of people eligible for application of citizenship had to live in Singapore or British Malaya "for 5 out of 8 years preceding the application", had to be of good character, understand and speak the English or Malay Language and " had to take an oath of allegiance to the Malayan Union".

The Sultans, the traditional rulers of the Malay states, conceded all their powers to the British Crown except in religious matters. The Malayan Union was placed under the jurisdiction of a British Governor, signalling the formal inauguration of British colonial rule in the Malay peninsula. Moreover, even though State Councils were still kept functioning in the former Federated Malay States, it lost the limited autonomy that they enjoyed as they administered some local and less important aspects of government and the Federal government in Kuala Lumpur controlling vital aspects. State Councils became an extended hand of the Federal government that had to do its bidding. Also, British Residents replacing the Sultans as the head of the State Councils meant that the political status of the Sultans were greatly reduced.

Capital Kuala Lumpur, Language(s) Malay, English, Political structure Colony

King George VI, Governor Edward Gent, Historical era Decolonization, - Established April 1, 1946, - Disestablished January 31, 1948, Area - 1948 132,364 km² (51,106 sq mi)


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayan_Union

Orang Melayu di Malaysia bukanlah pendatang di Alam Melayu, dan bukan juga pendatang di Tanah Melayu. Orang Melayu ialah warga tulen Alam Melayu (Nusantara).

Bilangan Penduduk Tanah Melayu pada 1938:
Melayu 680,000 (33%)
Cina 911,000 (44%)
India 466,000 (23%)
JUMLAH 2,057,000 (100%)

Ketika Jepun mengaku kalah, orang Melayu belum lagi sempat menyusun langkah untuk menguasai Tanah Melayu. Ketika itu, selama dua minggu, kuasa pemerintahan telah dirampas oleh Tentera Bintang Tiga atau MPAJA (Malayan People Anti Japanese Army) yang dianggotai oleh orang Cina. Tentera bintang Tiga ini ditubuhkan oleh Parti Komunis Malaya (ditubuhkan pada 1930).

Tetapi ancaman Tentera Bintang Tiga dapat diimbangi oleh tentera Force 136 yang dianggotai oleh orang Melayu. Di Batu Pahat dan Muar, Johor, orang Melayu menyambut kehadiran tentera Bintang Tiga (Parti Komunis Malaya) dengan menubuhkan pasukan parang panjang yang dipimpin oleh Kiyai Salleh. Inggeris kembali berkuasa dan meneruskan penjajahannya di Tanah Melayu mulai September 1945

Sir Harold MacMichael dihantar ke Tanah Melayu untuk menubuhkan Malayan Union pada Ogos 1945. Secara tipu-helah dan senyap-senyap, Harold MacMichael berjaya mendapatkan persetujuan serta tanda tangan Raja-Raja Melayu bagi penubuhan Malayan Union. Malayan Union ditubuhkan secara rasmi pada 1 April 1946. Sir Edward Gent dilantik menjadi Gabernor Malayan Union yang pertama. Malayan Union ditentang oleh orang Melayu.

from www.umnogp.com/page.php?10

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